11 Useful Windows Stuff to Know as System Administrator

Should you like manufacturing help/middleware admin, you’ll more than likely have to work on Linux and Home windows OS.

Supporting manufacturing purposes will probably be difficult in case you are not accustomed to administration instructions. So, listed below are issues you need to be accustomed to Home windows that can assist you as an administrator to troubleshoot and help purposes in day-to-day life.

CPU info

CPU info is commonly wanted for troubleshooting efficiency points or engaged on capability planning.

1. Test what number of CPUs there are

  • Go to Process Supervisor
  • Click on the “Efficiency” tab to see the out there variety of CPUs

CPU info

You can too use one wmic command to get CPU info.

  • Open the command immediate
  • Sort the command under and hit enter
wmic cpu

2. Test the CPU processor sort

  • Proper-click Pc and click on Properties
  • Search for processor particulars beneath System part

processor type

You can too “wmic-cpucommand to get this info.

Discover reminiscence info

Typically wanted in a mix of CPU to unravel the applying efficiency drawback.

3. Test put in reminiscence and utilization

  • Go to Process Supervisor
  • Click on on the “Efficiency” tab >> Reminiscence

memory info

As you possibly can see, the entire/out there/used reminiscence is

You may additionally use systeminfo command to examine out there bodily reminiscence.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>systeminfo | findstr Reminiscence
Whole Bodily Reminiscence:     4,239 MB
Accessible Bodily Reminiscence: 3,422 MB
Digital Reminiscence: Max Measurement: 7,951 MB
Digital Reminiscence: Accessible: 7,099 MB
Digital Reminiscence: In Use:   852 MB
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

4. Test the uptime/boot time

In case your Home windows server is rebooting unexpectedly and want to search out out precisely when it occurred, it will are available very useful. Use the command under on the command immediate.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>systeminfo | findstr Boot
System Boot Time:         2/21/2016, 11:02:26 AM
Boot Machine:               DeviceHarddiskVolume1
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

If you wish to know the method begin time in Home windows, you possibly can go right here.

5. Test TCP packet errors

If you’re troubleshooting network-related points, that is most likely one of many first issues it is best to examine. Use the netstat command to examine for any errors.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>netstat -s | findstr Errors
Obtained Header Errors            = 0
Obtained Handle Errors           = 0
Obtained Header Errors             = 0
Obtained Handle Errors           = 0
Errors                   0           0
Errors                   0           0
Obtain Errors       = 0
Obtain Errors       = 0
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

6. Test all working processes

To listing all working jobs with their PID and reminiscence utilization, you should use the Job Checklist command.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>tasklist
Picture Identify                     PID Session Identify       Session#   Mem Utilization
========================= ======== ================ =========== ============
System Idle Course of             0 Providers                   0         20 Okay
System                           4 Providers                   0     1,264 Okay
smss.exe                       304 Providers                   0       928 Okay
csrss.exe                     408 Providers                   0     3,548 Okay
wininit.exe                   480 Providers                   0     3,368 Okay
companies.exe                  568 Providers                   0     6,876 Okay

If you wish to examine whether or not a specific course of is working or not, you should use the duty listing with findstr.


C:UsersChandan Kumar>tasklist | findstr cmd
cmd.exe                       240 Console                    2     2,160 Okay
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

Alternatively, you may also use Process Supervisor to view all working processes with their CPU/Reminiscence/Disk/Community utilization.

7. Terminate the working course of

Typically used when a course of shouldn’t be responding and it’s essential terminate it. You may kill the method with the “taskkill” command or with the duty supervisor.

To kill with taskkill

  • Open the command immediate
  • Run the taskkill command with course of PID
C:UsersChandan Kumar>taskkill -pid 312
SUCCESS: Despatched termination sign to the method with PID 312. 
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

To kill with Process Supervisor

  • Open Process Supervisor
  • Proper-click the method you need to finish and click on “Finish Process.”


8. Uncover IP, subnet masks; Mac handle

ipconfig is a helpful command to search out out the IP handle of the Home windows server. This can show the complete Ethernet adapter and their IP handle.


If you wish to discover out the small print in depth, you should use the /all syntax.

ipconfig /all

To flush the DNS cache, you should use the /flushdns syntax. This can typically come in useful when you’ve got made some DNS adjustments and they don’t seem to be displaying as a consequence of cached information.


9. Show consumer and group info

The “whoami” command helps you examine the credentials of the logged in consumer and the group they belong to.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>whoami
win-nffe5b9pda0chandan kumar
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

Across the group it’s from

whoami /teams

10. Carry out a DNS lookup

The “nslookup” command helps to search out out the DNS resolving IP handle.

C:UsersChandan Kumar>nslookup geekflare.com
Server: UnKnown
Identify:   geekflare.com.localdomain
C:UsersChandan Kumar>

In case your community administrator blocks nslookup to exterior DNS, you should use on-line instruments to carry out DNS lookup.

11. Seize community hint

You should utilize the netsh command to seize the hint if Wireshark or different seize software program shouldn’t be put in.

C:Windowssystem32>netsh hint begin seize=sure
Hint configuration:
Standing:             Working
Hint File:         C:UsersChandan KumarAppDataLocalTempNetTracesNetTrace.etl
Append:             Off
Round:           On
Max Measurement:           250 MB
Report:             Off

Nasty Cease the catch

netsh hint cease

I hope the above helps you become familiar with a few of the Home windows administration associated duties. If you’re a beginner I’d extremely suggest this on-line course.

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