Top 9 Ruby Frameworks Every Programmer Should Know

Ruby is an object-oriented scripting language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. This open-source programming language was designed to deal with productiveness and ease.

Builders use this dynamic language to create internet purposes starting from static web sites to desktop purposes, automation instruments, and knowledge processing providers. Ruby additionally has its place in DevOps, internet servers, crawling and scraping.

Ruby is utilized by each startups and huge corporations reminiscent of CrunchBase, Bloomberg, Dribble, SlideShare, Airbnb, Shopify, and GitHub as a part of their tech stacks.

These are the explanation why Ruby is fashionable within the trendy world;

  • Straightforward and enjoyable to be taught: Studying Ruby is straightforward and appropriate even for folks with none programming background. The easy syntax simplifies complicated programming ideas for everybody to get pleasure from.
  • Open supply: Ruby is free to make use of. So builders can use this programming language because it fits them finest.
  • Time saving: Organising a Ruby is straightforward. This programming language follows the Do not Repeat Your self (DRY) to enhance developer productiveness.
  • Definitely: Ruby ranks excessive within the checklist of most secure programming languages. Ruby can successfully struggle towards assaults reminiscent of CSRF, SQL Injection, and XSS utilizing a mix of its built-in functionalities and third-party options.
  • Massive group: Ruby was launched over twenty years in the past and has attracted a big following. When you get caught, you’ll in all probability get assist from this group.

What are Ruby Frameworks?

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Though Ruby is a strong programming language, builders can obtain extra with the frameworks. Ruby frameworks are packages of pre-written code that present a standardized method to construct and deploy internet purposes.

Such frameworks include libraries and instruments that assist software program engineers carry out frequent duties reminiscent of person authentication and routing. With Ruby frameworks, builders do not should code such actions from scratch.

Now we study a few of the finest Ruby frameworks:

Ruby on rails

Ruby on Rails, or Rails for brief, is the preferred Ruby framework. Created by David Heinemeier Hansson in 2003, this full-stack internet framework is now utilized by large names reminiscent of Hulu, GitHub, Shopify, and Coinbase, to call a number of.

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Most necessary options

  • Follows the Mannequin-View-Controller(MVC) structure: Ruby on Rails offers a transparent separation of issues by the MVC sample. This makes it simple for builders to grasp and preserve the code.
  • Numerous libraries and gems: You may obtain numerous issues while you code with Ruby by numerous third occasion libraries and gems like Faker and Pry.
  • Use Energetic Report for database administration: Rails customers needn’t configure any code for database entry and administration as Energetic Report takes care of many of the stuff.
  • Follows conference over configuration: Rails comply with a sure method of doing issues. This framework additionally offers some default settings, decreasing builders’ time to configure their apps.

Rails is appropriate for creating e-commerce platforms, multimedia apps, fast prototyping, and data-driven apps.

Sinatra

Sinatra is a Ruby domain-specific language (DSL) internet framework designed to construct internet purposes utilizing a minimalistic method. This light-weight internet framework was created in 2007 by Blake Mizerany.

Sinatra

Most necessary options

  • Makes use of component-driven structure: This setup divides the appliance into small, reusable elements. Every part is accountable for a set of features or a selected operate.
  • Light-weight: Sinatra is designed to be minimal however versatile. The code base is designed for use solely when wanted.
  • Helps Middleware: Builders can prolong Sinatra’s performance, reminiscent of middleware person authentication.
  • Helps template languages: Sinatra permits you to use Embedded Ruby (ERB) and Haml whereas creating internet apps. These languages ​​generate dynamic HTML content material based mostly on the information in your software.

Sinatra is finest suited to constructing inner instruments, RESTful APIs, Microservices, and prototyping. GitHub, Apple, and Heroku are examples of massive names utilizing GitHub for a few of their inner instruments.

Grape

Grape is a light-weight and quick Ruby framework for creating RESTful APIs. Created in 2010 by Tim Pope and Richard Huang, this internet framework has change into fairly well-known for its modular design.

Grape

Most necessary options

  • Easy however versatile: Grape has a easy syntax for creating APIs. Documenting and sustaining your APIs whereas utilizing this internet framework can be simple.
  • Properly documented: Though Grape was created in 2010, it’s effectively documented and has an energetic group that can assist you get out of bother.
  • Modular Design: Grape helps you to break down your app into small, reusable elements which might be simple to take care of.
  • Helps testing: You may write checks in your Grape app utilizing frameworks like RSpec and Minitest.

You need to use Grape to create APIs for small and medium-sized apps and to prototype and take a look at concepts. Meeteor and GitLab are examples of corporations utilizing Grape of their tech stacks.

Hanami

Hanami is a Ruby framework that permits builders to construct internet purposes from a number of modular sub-components. This framework was created in 2016 and was initially referred to as Lotus.

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Most necessary options

  • Modular structure: Hanami helps you to break down your app into small, reusable elements that you may simply modify and preserve.
  • Object Relational Mapping (ORM): This internet framework has built-in ORM that helps NoSQL and SQL databases.
  • Helps testing: Hanami permits builders to check their apps as they construct utilizing testing frameworks reminiscent of RSpec, MiniTest, and Cucumber.
  • Versatile Routing: This internet framework has a routing system the place builders outline complicated URL patterns.

Hanami is appropriate for constructing internet purposes that require versatile and minimal structure. Hanami permits you to construct e-commerce platforms, buyer relationship administration (CRM) programs, RESTful APIs, and content material administration programs.

Wheel

Roda is a modular and scalable Ruby framework for creating internet purposes. Jeremy Evans created Roda in 2012.

Wheel

Most necessary options

  • Easy however dependable: Roda’s designs make it simple each externally and internally. Roda apps are frozen throughout manufacturing, eliminating wire questions of safety.
  • Has a routing tree: Defining complicated URL patterns on Roda could be very simple utilizing the routing tree. Thus, customers can write DRY code utilizing this framework.
  • Integrates with numerous databases: Object-Relational Mapping assist makes it simple to combine with SQL and NoSQL databases.

Builders use Roda to construct all kinds of merchandise starting from RESTful APIs, single web page purposes, content material administration programs and way more.

Godfather

Padrino is a full-stack Ruby framework constructed on the Sinatra internet library. This internet framework was created in 2008 to allow builders to code superior internet purposes in a enjoyable and simple method.

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Most necessary options

  • Prolonged: Padrino affords all the things it is advisable create a top-notch internet software in a easy and uncluttered setting.
  • Modular design: Padrino permits builders to interrupt their apps down into small items/elements which might be reusable. This lets you join elements as wanted.
  • Comes with code mills: You do not have to create all the things from scratch as Padrino has a number of mills that may generate default code for you.
  • Integrates with numerous databases: You need to use Padrino with numerous databases reminiscent of PostgreSQL, MySQL and SQLite.
  • Consumer authorization and authentication: These options permit you to safe and management entry to your Padrino app.

As a full-stack framework, you should utilize Padrino to create numerous internet apps reminiscent of CRMs, e-commerce platforms, and blogs.

Tenting

Tenting is a minimalist Ruby framework for creating internet purposes. This framework was established in 2005.

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Most necessary options

  • Minimalistic: Tenting is designed as a easy framework, however nonetheless permits you to create highly effective apps.
  • Integrates with ActiveRecord: This framework permits you to work with and handle your favourite databases, reminiscent of SQL.
  • Follows the MVC sample: Tenting offers separation of issues by the Mannequin-View-Controller sample, making it simple to construct and preserve code. Builders can even derive totally different views from the identical mannequin.
  • Helps Middleware: You do not have to create all the things from scratch, as a result of Tenting helps middleware. For instance, you’ll be able to handle periods and cookies with Rack::Session::Cookie middleware.

Tenting is finest suited to small purposes like RESTful APIs and private blogs. Nonetheless, you’ll be able to nonetheless use this framework as a micro-framework to construct sure elements with a posh software.

Scorched

Scorched is a generic and unbiased Ruby framework. This framework has a strong set of constructs for dealing with HTTP requests.

Scorched

Most necessary options

Light-weight: Scorched is minimalistic and due to this fact appropriate for easy purposes.

Expandable: You need to use Scorched with numerous gems and plugins to extend its performance. ActiveRecord, Skinny, and Puma are gems you should utilize with Scorched.

Helps automated testing: You may write and automate checks with frameworks like Minitest and RSpec.

Scorched is appropriate for small and medium purposes. This framework can even work for microservices inside a bigger Ruby app.

Sneakers

Sneakers is a RabbitMQ background processing Ruby framework. Sneakers enable builders to create and handle background duties for his or her purposes. This framework/jewel was made in 2013.

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Most necessary options

  • Parallel processing: The Sneakers framework runs a number of processes within the background, growing the efficiency and responsiveness of your app.
  • Constructed-in retries: If a job can’t be processed, Sneakers has a built-in operate that places it again within the queue.
  • Helps the alternate of lifeless letters: This characteristic makes monitoring and dealing with of all failed processes/duties simple.

The Sneakers framework is appropriate for apps with background processing capabilities, reminiscent of picture processing and knowledge processing.

Conclusion

If you wish to create your subsequent internet software with Ruby, you now have a number of frameworks to select from. The selection of an online framework is determined by the kind of software you wish to construct and your style. Rails, for instance, is a good selection if you happen to’re searching for a full-stack framework. Alternatively, a framework like Grape can come in useful if you happen to simply wish to create a RESTful API.

You can too see an in depth comparability between the Ruby on Rails vs the Django internet framework.

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